Artificial intelligence and use of robotics in drug development process in pharmaceutical industry: A review

Pawan Tiwari


The development of a drug from an initial idea to its entry into the market is a very complex process which can
take around 5–10 years and cost $1.7 billion. The idea for a new development can come from a variety of sources
which include the current necessities of the market, new emerging diseases, academic and clinical research,
commercial sector. Once a target for discovery has been chosen, the medicinal industries or the associated
academic centers work on the early processes to identify the chemical molecules with suitable characteristics
to make the targeted drugs. This review article will look into the key concepts of drug discovery, medicine the
primary ideal of medicinal chemistry is the design and discovery of new compounds that are suitable for use as
medicines. This process involves a team of workers from a wide range of disciplines such as chemistry, biology,
biochemistry, pharmacology, mathematics, and medicine. The discovery or design of a new drug not only requires
a discovery or design process but also the synthesis of the drug, a method of administration, the development of
tests, and procedures to establish how it operates in the body and safety assessment. Drug discovery may also
require fundamental research into the biological and chemical nature of the diseased state. These and other aspects
of drug design and discovery require input from specialists of many fields and so medicinal chemists need to have
outline knowledge of the relevant aspects of these fields development and clinical stages of the drug discovery.

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