Memory-enhancing activity of Rose alba in mice

Nilofar S. Naikwade, Somnath N. Mule, Rahul S. Adnaik, Chandrakant S. Magdum


Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder currently without an effective treatment. Impairment of memory is the initial and most significant symptom of AD. Memantine is the first novel class of AD medications acting on the glutaminergic system and produces symptomatic improvement in learning. Nootropic agents such as piracetam, aniracetam, and choline esterase inhibitors like donepezil are being used to improve memory, mood, and behavior, but the resulting side-effects associated with these agents have
made their use limited. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of Rose alba (RA) on learning and memory in mice. Male Swiss albino mice (3 months old) weighing around 25 g were employed in the present investigation. Elevated plus-maze and passive-avoidance apparatus served as the exteroceptive behavioral models, and diazepam-induced amnesia served as the interoceptive behavioral models. RA (100 and 200 mg/kg p.o.) was administered for eight successive days to the mice. Piracetam (200 mg/kg i.p.) was used as a standard nootropic agent. RA improved learning and memory of mice as indicated by decreased transfer-latency and
increased step-down latency. RA significantly reversed the amnesia induced by diazepam (1 mg/kg, i.p.). The results indicate that the aqueous extract of calyces of RA might prove to be a useful memory restorative agent in the treatment of cognitive disorders.
Key words: Rose alba, nootropic, Alzheimer ’s disease

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