A review on phytochemical, ethnobotanical, pharmacological, and antimicrobial importance of Cedrus deodara (Roxb. Ex D. Don) G. Don

Dwaipayan Sinha

Abstract


Cedrus deodara (Roxb. Ex D. Don) G. Don is a conifer that grows in the Himalayan regions of India, Pakistan,
and Nepal. The plant is an evergreen tree belonging to the family Pinaceae and forms extensive forest along the
Himalayan Mountain. The plant is traditionally used by people for thatching, sheltering, furniture making, fuelwood,
and medicinal purposes. The plant is rich in flavonoids and terpenoids such as deodarin, cedrusone A, myricetin, 2R,
3R-dihydromyricetin, quercetin, 2R, 3R-dihydroquercetin, α-pinene, β-pinene, myrcene, limonene-α, β-caryophyllene,
β-copaene, α-himachalene, β-humulene, γ-muurolene, β-himachalene, Germacrene D, α-muurolene, δ-cadinene, and
γ-amorphene. Research has been carried out to explore the pharmacological and antimicrobial activities of various
parts of the plants with promising outcome. Extensive literature survey was made and the information in relation
to C. deodara was pooled from scientific research papers through electronic search tools available in the internet.
This review paper is an attempt to highlight the ethnobotanical, pharmacological, and antimicrobial importance of
C. deodara along with its wide array of chemical constituent. The plant can be a potent and cheap source of raw
materials, leading to drug development for the benefit of the population of India and adjoining countries.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v13i01.2331

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