Tamarind seed polysaccharide: A promising natural excipient for pharmaceuticals

Joshny Joseph, S. N. Kanchalochana, G. Rajalakshmi, Vedha Hari, Ramya Devi Durai

Abstract


The natural polymers always have exceptional properties which make them distinct from the synthetic polymers and tamarind
seed polysaccharide (TSP) is one such example which shows more valuable properties making it a useful excipient for a wide range of applications. TSP is a natural polysaccharide obtained from the seeds of Tamarindus indica, recently gaining a wide potential in the field of pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Its isolation and characterisation involve simple techniques resulting in cost‑effective yield in its production. TSP shows uniqueness in its high drug holding capacity, high swelling index and high thermal stability, especially necessary for various novel drug delivery systems. It also plays the role of stabiliser, thickener, binder, release retardant, modifier, suspending agent, viscosity enhancer, emulsifying agent, as a carrier for novel drug delivery systems in oral, buccal, colon, ocular systems, nanofabrication, wound dressing and is also becoming an important part of food, cosmetics, confectionery and bakery. Various studies and experiments have been carried out to prove its multi‑functional potentiality, from which it can be concluded that TSP can be a promising natural polysaccharide having enormous applications. This review focuses
on the diversity of applications of TSP.
Key words: Drug delivery, excipient, pharmaceutical, sustained release polymer, tamarind seed polysaccharide

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v6i4.273

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