Pharmacological activities and bioactive compounds of papaya (Carica papaya L.): A mini topical review

R. Nirmala


The present review focuses on the pharmacological activities and bioactive compounds of Carica papaya L. The
plant is well known to us since ancient times. The plant is traditionally used to treat several conditions such as
stomach disorders, diarrhea skin diseases, male contraceptives, and home remedies for colds. Phytochemically,
the plants have alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, glycosides, starch, quinones, etc. Various medicine
properties attributed to the plant and parts which include antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-cancer,
anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive, anti-amoebic, anti-malarial, wound healing, anti-fertility, hepatoprotective,
histaminergic, diuretic, immuno-modulatory, and anti-ulcer. In this review article, we have collectively summarized
various pharmacological applications of C. papaya L.

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